Can Sexually Transmitted Infections affect infertility ?
Posted on : 2021-Dec-11 23:56:37
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are very common and it does not show any symptoms and it remains unnoticed. Though all those infections may not be harmful, some of them can be harmful and cause serious consequences.
For example, STIs such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea can be a major reason for ectopic pregnancy where pregnancy occurs outside the uterus, infertility, and pelvic inflammatory. But these conditions can be prevented. Though these conditions can be treated with medications, many people do not even realise that they have those conditions as they do not experience any symptoms.
If those infections are left untreated for a longer duration, they can cause more damage. Women who have the symptoms may experience pelvic pain and unusual discharge.
How Does Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Cause Infertility?
If Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are left untreated for a long time, it can affect the uterus and fallopian tubes and can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This can cause inflammation, scars, and the blockage of fallopian tubes. Tubal scarring can block the fallopian tubes that obstruct the eggs from travelling to the uterus. If the fallopian tubes are affected, it can further lead to ectopic pregnancy.
How STIs Affect Reproductive System?
Symptoms of STIs Affecting Fertility in Women
The symptoms of STIs that affect fertility in women include:
- Burning sensation or burning pain in the vagina
- The texture of vaginal discharge changes
- Irregular periods or bleeding
- Burning sensation during urination
- Women experience pelvic pain in advanced stages
If you experience pelvic pain, it may indicate that the infection has spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Women who have STIs have a greater risk of developing tubal infertility than normal women.
Symptoms of STIs Affecting Fertility in Men
The symptoms of STIs in males include:
- Mild burning sensation during urination
- Change in penile discharge colour, either it is grey or yellow
- Testicular pain
The above-mentioned symptoms may get resolved without any medication. But the infection may still remain.
Treatment for Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
The only way to prevent STIs is to restrain from sexual intercourse and stop having sexual intercourse with multiple persons. Using barrier methods for contraception can stop these infections from spreading.
If you have a sexually transmitted infection and are willing to become pregnant, visit your doctor to receive treatment for the infection. It is important as the infections can be transmitted from woman to child during pregnancy. This could cause:
- Congenital disease
- Neonatal death
- Neonatal conjunctivitis
- Low birth weight
Most sexual intercourse infections can be treated with antibiotics. But, early detection and treatment of STI are essential. If you or your better half have a sexually transmitted disease, visit a fertility centre to know if IVF or IUI is suitable for your condition.
Have STIs and Want to be a Parent? Visit Angels Fertility Today
If you are having a sexually transmitted infection that is affecting your fertility, visit Angels Fertility Center Today. Angels Fertility Center is one of the popular fertility centre in Hyderabad. We have hundreds of satisfied patients who have successfully become parents. Our doctor will discuss your condition, understands the symptoms, and determine if IVF or IUI is suitable for you. To know more, you can call us to book your appointment.