Premature Ovarian Failure – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Posted on : 2019-Aug-28 19:31:05
Is your Motherhood at stake?
Never lose your confidence. Medical technology has far developed to diagnose any problem and finds a solution for most of the problems.There might be several health issues or any other underlying causes. One of the causes is Premature Ovarian Failure, well known as Primary Ovarian Insufficiency. In general, a woman is younger than 40 years and her periods had stopped and her ovaries stop producing eggs then it is called primary ovarian insufficiency.
In a healthy woman Ovaries are responsible for producing estrogen, and the estrogen hormone is responsible for controlling your menstrual periods, which makes you fertile (to get pregnant). If your ovaries fail to produce normal amounts of estrogen or fail to release eggs regularly, it results in Infertility.
However, your ovaries stop making estrogen with increasing age. Usually, a woman goes through menopause between 42 to 56 years. But POF may affect 1 in 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 29 years and 1 in 100 women between 30 and 39 years of age. The average age of early POF is 27 years. The average age of women for menopause is 51 years.
Symptoms Of Premature Ovarian Failure
Yes, women with primary ovarian insufficiency might experience some symptoms similar to those who go through menopause and typical estrogen deficiency. The Symptoms include:
Irregular menstrual periods (amenorrhea) or no periods
Difficulty to conceive(to become pregnant)
Lack of sexual desire
Anxiety or mood swings
Lack of concentration
Causes Of Premature Ovarian Failure
About 90% of cases, the exact cause of premature ovarian failure is unknown. Research says that POF is associated with problems of the follicles. Follicles look like small sacs inside your ovaries. These follicles hold your eggs in your ovaries as they grow and mature. Usually, girls are born with about 2 million seeds which turn into follicles and last until menopause.
If a woman has primary ovarian insufficiency, she may face two types of follicle problems. One is running out of follicles earlier than usual, often called as depletion. Another problem is that the follicles might not work properly called the dysfunction of follicles.
The exact cause of these follicles problems is yet to find. However, some of the possible causes include:
Genetic and chromosomal disorders
Toxins like cigarette smoke, chemicals, and pesticides
A low number of follicles
Chemotherapy or radiation therapy
Age, family history, multiple ovarian surgeries are the other risk factors that can also lead to POF.
Treatment For Premature Ovarian Failure
At present, there is no proven treatment to cure POF, but there are some treatments to ease symptoms and other complications associated with low estrogen levels.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
HRT is a widely used standard treatment for POI. The procedure provides your body with required estrogen and other hormones which has stopped the production by your ovaries. HRT also improves sexual health and reduces the risks of heart disease and osteoporosis.
Calcium and vitamin D supplements
These vitamins play a very important in preventing osteoporosis as women with POI are at greater risk of getting osteoporosis. So, a woman with POF should take calcium and vitamin D on a daily basis suggested by your doctor.
Some other treatment which includes: In vitro fertilization (IVF): Women who have primary ovarian insufficiency and wanted to become pregnant can consider trying IVF Treatment. Regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight: Involving in regular physical exercise and maintaining proper body weight can lower the risk for osteoporosis and heart disease in women with POI.
Treatments For Other Conditions Associated
Women with POI face various health issues like thyroid dysfunction, Addison’s disease, Fragile X permutation, anxiety, depression, specific genetic disorders, and autoimmune disorders. These conditions require additional treatment.
Premature Ovarian Failure often thought to be early menopause. But the fact is, they aren’t the same. Women with premature ovarian failure(POF) can have irregular periods and sometimes even become pregnant. But in a woman with early menopause stops having periods and can’t become pregnant. At Angels Fertility Center, we have the best doctors to treat these kinds of problems. Book an appointment and consult our Fertility Doctor for the best solution.